AUTOSYS TUTORIAL PDF
What is Autosys? • An automated job control system for scheduling,monitoring and reporting jobs • The jobs can reside on an Autosys configured machine. Management (Unicenter AutoSys JM)). □ CA Workload Automation AE Connect Option. □ CA Workload Automation Agent for Application Services (CA WA. To the extent permitted by applicable law, CA provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, including without limitation, any implied.
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Autosys is an job scheduling tool that enables enterprise Hope you liked AutoSys user guide topics covered in this post, please feel free to. AutoSys is a job scheduler used for defining jobs, which helps in controlling and monitoring processes. The jobs can be created using batch. Running an executable jar file built from a gradle based project Beginners Java i followed the tutorial at this link to create a axis2 webservice project using.
It will fire the job based on the clock. However, in real business, you need to fire jobs not just based on scheduled time, but also based on events like an arrival of a file , and, based on the success or failure of other jobs. Autosys is a total job scheduling solution that allows you to define these events, dependencies, time schedules, alerts, etc, making it a complete data center automation tool.
A reliable, easy to use the system that enables the user to completely manage their entire Job Processing requirements. This is a product from Computer Associates.
What is an Autosys-job? Any single command, executable script or NT batch file. All options fields must be entered. This stored procedure only can be sent to the dataserver you are currently logged on to. For a list and explanations of the events you can send. For the allowable values of alarm.. The format is the same date and time format that is currently being used for the Event Server to which the command is issued.
If a null is input. Batch Mode To execute xql in batch mode and have the results sent to standard output. It can be used as an interactive interface to the dataserver like isql. For Sybase versions of AutoSys only. If you are using Oracle. There is a history feature which allows you to re-use past commands stored in the buffer. The third token is the name of the database that you are currently in. The Help screen is displayed in the examples below. Interactive Mode To execute xql interactively.
To execute the SQL. When using the -c option. The xql prompt looks like the following: The SQL can extend across multiple lines. To exit xql. An example script is given below. At this prompt. The password must not be null. If no server is specified. If this variable is not defined. You can change both of these passwords. For the database bundled with AutoSys. If no database is specified. Multiple lines of input. The SQL statement must be wrapped in double quotes. This option has no effect in interactive mode.
SQL is not addressed in detail in this guide. In this non-interactive mode. This option is particularly useful for embedding SQL commands in shell scripts. The delimiter is not restricted to a single character.. Be sure not to use a character that your shell could mistakenly interpret.
I AutoSys Commands xql below. This option is useful for creating a flat file of data that uses delimiters for processing at a later time. To specify that xql should never terminate the session. Assuming that there are only three jobs. The interval is specified in minutes. The default is 15 minutes. The output. To accomplish this.
This use is most common in shell scripts where data from the database is needed. Sends query 1 from hist. Invokes emacs editor. Clears the screen. Sends queries from hist.
Displays help for xql Usage in Interactive mode. Results of queries will be sent to printer.: I AutoSys Commands xql The following screen will be display: Displays the history of xql queries. Shows what is in the SQL command buffer. Stops sending the Results to printer. Exits the xql program. Invokes Vi editor. JIL Sub-commands. Regardless of method. Job attributes can be defined using JIL statements..
The alarm is informational only. A defined monitor or the Alarm Manager dialog in the Operator Console needs to be running to view the alarm as it occurs.
UNIX for Advanced & Expert Users
Press the Yes or No radio button. The default value is 1. This attribute is useful for using AutoSys to schedule and run a one-time batch job. AutoSys will keep the job definition for seven days before automatically deleting it.
If it is a Box Job. AutoSys will immediately delete job definitions only if the job completes successfully. If the job does not complete successfully. Enter the value. The default is to not delete the job automatically. When a job is in a box. This is done with the AutoSys sendevent command. To start the job. The default value is 0 for no. The default condition for a box to be considered as having failed is that any job in the box completed with a failure condition.
A box can contain complex branching logic. The default Failure Condition is that all the jobs in the box have run and at least one failed. AutoSys Jobs. The conditions can be up to characters.
Enter the conditions. This feature is particularly useful for setting starting conditions at the box level. Boxes allow for a set of jobs to be manipulated as a group. The entered name. Enter the name. The specified box must already exist. This attribute can be used to specify what is considered a success.
The default condition for a box to be considered successful is that every job in the box completed with a success condition. The condition can be up to characters. The default success condition is that all the jobs in the box ran and all completed successfully. This is the default behavior of Box Jobs. By using this attribute in combination with the Terminate the Job if the Box Fails attribute. This attribute can only be specified if the job being defined is being placed in a box.
The default setting is 0 for no. If multiple file systems are specified. If the job is a Command Job When the Remote Agent is preparing to start the job on the client machine.
If the job is a File Watcher. If the requirements are not met. In the case of a file watcher definition. File System Space. One or more file systems. The value can be up to characters. The default is to not check the file space available. When issuing commands that are to be run on a different operating system. AutoSys global variables can be used as part of the command name itself. If variable substitution is used. To set a global variable.
You can call a shell script to provide that functionality. If you do not wish to have the. Although this might be desired. Command-line arguments can be passed using global variables. If you are running a C-Shell csh script.
If this is the case. The command name and any runtime arguments can be up to characters long. Global variables are referenced using one of the following expressions: The keyword command is omitted. The command. It must however exist at runtime. Examples command: Starting conditions can be one or more of the following types of dependencies: To check for this type of invalid condition statement.
These conditions are described in the sections that follow. This is the syntax. The syntax for defining job dependencies is the same regardless of whether the job is being defined using JIL or the GUI.
In this way. The dependency specification can take one of three forms: The notrunning operator is used to keep jobs from running at the same time as other jobs. These statuses are internal AutoSys settings. The UNIX convention. All other status settings are internally defined only. With this latitude. As shown above. You can specify even more complex conditions by grouping the expressions in parentheses.
These abbreviations can be upper. You may abbreviate the status condition identifiers with the first letter: The parentheses do not imply any sort of precedence.
If that attribute is specified. Spaces between conditions and delimiters are optional. This is the syntax you would use to specify this type of job dependency: Exit Code Dependencies In addition to job status. You can use any job status. Global Variable Dependencies Job dependencies can also be based on global variables you set using the sendevent command or the Send Event dialog.
When using global variables this way. Global variables are referenced using the following expression: You can also abbreviate the dependency specification VALUE of a global variable with the letter v uppercase or lowercase. There is no default. The keyword condition is omitted. The recommended method is to group these jobs in a box. If the default is used. AutoSys will schedule the job to run on every day of the week specified by this attribute.
One or more days can be selected.
Examples 1 To specify that the job should be run only on weekdays. Select one or more of the Monday through Sunday toggle buttons by single-clicking on them. If start times are specified for a job and no dates or days have been specified using other GUI fields. The default is that no days will be set. If days have been selected and you decide you want to use a calendar instead. There 2 is no default. Jobs in the box. The jobs in the box will have their box reference removed and will become stand-alone jobs.
Even if the job is already scheduled to run. This functionality only works when JIL is in job verification mode. If the specified job is a box. You do not have to enclose the string in quotes. The keyword description is omitted.
Spaces can be included. Enter the text. You should enclose the string in double quotes to ensure JIL properly interprets it. If the current date is on the calendar. Enter the name of a custom calendar that has already been created. The default is that no exclude calendar will be used. The Remote Agent that starts the job will listen for these regular heartbeats.
To send a heartbeat from a C program. It automates the common practice of outputting characters. AutoSys API.
For information on modifying the configuration file. Enter mins to specify the number of minutes between heartbeats.
Box Job. There are a set of job attributes that are required for each job type. Command Job. For Command Jobs. To specify a Command Job. Examples 1 The following example creates a Command Job. To create this definition. It can be from 1 to 30 alphanumeric characters. Embedded blanks and tabs are illegal.
For information on how to best use this attribute. This scheme allows for machine loading to be controlled. The range of possible settings is arbitrary and user-defined. If a job is ready to run on a designated machine. The default priority of a job is 0. The default is that no load is assigned. This number can be any arbitrary value within the range of possible values the user has defined which are also arbitrary.
The job name can be up to 30 alphanumeric characters. This attribute must be unique within a single instance of AutoSys. The name cannot be changed once the job has been defined. When JIL is used.
This attribute only applies if the job is being placed in a box. AutoSys Commands. By using this attribute in combination with the Terminate the Box if the Job Fails attribute. Example To specify that if the box containing the job currently being created or updated fails. The default value is 0. Press the appropriate Box. File Watcher Job. Example To set the job currently being created or updated to be a Box Job.
The owner of the job must have permission to access this machine as well as permission to execute the specified command on this machine. The machine can be a specific real machine. The Event Processor runs this program and writes the name of the machine to standard output.
The fully qualified program or script name must be enclosed in back quotes. This program can be the svload program provided by AutoSys or it can be a program or script that you write yourself. Virtual machines and the svload program are described in Chapter 9. Omit the keyword machine. The name can be up to 80 characters.
The chapter also addresses how AutoSys chooses a machine on which to run when multiple machines are specified. This attribute is used when a command can exit with more than one exit code. An exit code equal to or less than this value will be considered a success. In particular. If the job runs longer than this time. You must have a monitor or the Alarm Manager running to track alarms in real time. Alarms are informational only.
Enter the mins. The default is to not set a maximum at all. If the job runs in less than this time. Example To set the job to be considered as completing too quickly if it runs for less than an hour and a half. Job restarts after system or network failures are controlled by the MaxRestartTrys parameter in the AutoSys configuration file. AutoSys is unable to find a file or a command. This attribute applies to application failures e.
Enter attempts. AutoSys will reissue the job override until the job actually runs once. After this. If you specify an override for a job and one already exists. The owner cannot change this ownership designation.
The default owner is defined as user machine. This user will own all jobs defined during the session. In order for the job to run. Execute permission controls which users can issue sendevent commands on the job. Only the Edit Superuser can change the owner of a job. When a command is started on the Remote Agent.
Only the Edit Superuser can modify this attribute. The user must have an account on all machines where the job can be run.
This is done by having the Remote Agent make the ruserok system call. Enter user machine. Omit the keyword owner. To change a large number of jobs. The following example shows how to save all job definitions to a file: After generating this report.
This is because only the Edit Superuser can change the owner field. It uses the user ID uid. AutoSys uses the concept of three levels of users for any job. World—Every user. If you are defining jobs that are to run on different operating systems.
These levels are: I I I 2 Owner—The user who created the job. Group—Any user who is in the same group as the owner.
When a command is started on the machine specified in the job definition. The job owner has edit permission on the job. User and Permission Types When a job is first created. Execute—The user can affect the running of the job.
This is done with the setuid uid system call. Every job has the following levels of permissions: I I Edit—The user can edit. These are the events users can execute: These are the possible values for the permission attribute: I 2 When defining a job to run on an NT machine.
When editing a job from an NT machine. Select the desired permissions by single-clicking the appropriate Permissions toggle buttons. Group permissions will be used if a job is edited or executed on a UNIX machine. The All Hosts buttons indicate whether or not the permission should be granted regardless of the machine the user is on.
Machine permissions are turned off. The owner of the job always has full edit and execute permissions. Job Permissions and Windows NT If you are defining jobs and running them on different operating systems. When executing a job from an NT machine. Scenarios can arise where a CPU-intensive.
Although boxes cannot be queued. This permits boxes within other boxes to be run according to their priority. Each job is assigned a load as well.
A band of higher priority jobs e. Queues are defined in detail in Chapter 9.
The queue priority establishes the relative priority of all jobs queued for a given machine. If a job is ready to run and designated to run on that machine.
Omit the keyword priority. Examples 1 To set the job to always run. For Korn shell users. If a profile is not specified. The results will be. It is very important that Korn shell and C shell statements are not included in the profile file. If a profile attribute is specified. The primary environment variable in the profile is the path.
This profile typically includes the definitions and exports of environment variables. The full pathname cannot exceed 80 characters.. Variable substitution cannot be used. If you want the set permissions for stdout and stderr to -rw-r--r If you do not set this. Omit the keyword profile. Enter the full pathname of the file to be sourced. Enter the profile keyword and the full pathname of the file to be sourced. The custom calendar will list the dates and the times when the job is to be run.
Autosys Interview Questions
AutoSys will schedule the job to run on every day specified in this calendar. This attribute is useful for complex date specification.
The default is that no run calendar will be used. Enter the name of a custom calendar that has been previously created. If you have entered a calendar name. If the current time is closer to the end of the last run window.
The end of the last run window and the beginning of the next run window are determined. If it does not. If the current time is closer to the beginning of the next run window. If it does. One Day 1 Current time is closer to the end of the last run window. If this attribute is specified.
AutoSys Job Scheduler Tutorial for managing your Jobs
It is an additional control over when the job will be allowed to start. If the job is in a box. Run Windows in Boxes If the job is in a box.
The time range in a run window cannot span more than 24 hours. The default is that no run window will be used. The range can overlap midnight as long as it is not more than 24 hours.. Enter the time range. The days or dates must be specified using one of the following attributes: The total number of characters must not exceed Multiple lines can be used without specifying a continuation character. This attribute overrides any times set in a run calendar. Example To specify that the job be run at a quarter past and a quarter before each hour.
The default is that no start time in minutes will be set. Enter a number. Be sure to include the quotes. Example To specify that the job be run at The default is that no start time will be set. You can enter a commaseparated list of times. Enter the time using the format hh: This is an error if days or dates are specified for this job.
Any file for which the job owner has write permission on the client machine can be specified as the standard error file. For NT. The pathname must not exceed 80 characters.
The full pathname must be specified. Enter the full pathname for the standard error file. Starting from profile, timezone, start time, starting condition and so on. There are the two methods you can use to create job definitions: 1. In this tutorial we will use JIL language to create autosys jobs. Using this you can instruct autosys to save job definitions.
This information saved in autosys database. You can also create a jil file which contains job definition. You can then pass this jil file to autosys. Essential attributes for defining job 1.
Name used to identify the job. Job Type a. The job type is one of job types: command c , file watcher f or box b. Owner a. This attribute is automatically set to the user who invoked jil or the GUI to define the job, and cannot be changed except by the edit superuser.
Other job attributes: 1. Sample jil file for command job echoJob.I AutoSys Commands dbstatistics dbstatistics Function Generates statistics in the dataserver s to maintain an optimal performance environment for AutoSys. By using this attribute in combination with the Terminate the Box if the Job Fails attribute. When you start the event processor it continually scans the database for events to be processed.
Today's Posts. In this way. Since the generating application could crash.