zetom.info Tutorials Oxford Thesaurus Pdf


Friday, June 21, 2019

The Oxford Thesaurus goes a step further by offering example sentences to illustrate the uses of the headwords and their alternatives in natural, idiomatic. usage notes in dictionaries and are not treated in the Thesaurus. d. Main entry words and sub file:///E|/eMule/I The Oxford Thesaurus An A-Z Dictionary of. usage notes in dictionaries and are not treated in the Thesaurus. d. Main entry words and sub file:///E|/ The-Oxford-Thesaurus-An-A-Z-Dictionary-Of- Synonyms.

Oxford Thesaurus Pdf

Language:English, Spanish, Indonesian
Genre:Health & Fitness
Published (Last):27.06.2015
ePub File Size:22.42 MB
PDF File Size:15.52 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Registration Required]
Uploaded by: PORTIA

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (Oxford Paperback Reference). Read more The Oxford Thesaurus: An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms · Read more. A thesaurus can also help in solving crossV word puzzles and with many other word games. The Oxford Thesaurus of English, first published in and now. The Oxford Thesaurus goes a step further by offering example sentences to illustrate the uses of the headwords and their alternatives in natural.

It must be emphasized that such labels are to some extent impressionistic and are based in the Thesaurus on a consensus of several sources: For example, the non-standard use of between in contexts referring to more than two of anything or of among in contexts involving fewer than three goes unmarked. However, if the usage question is confined to what can easily be represented in a 'lexical' environment, then.

To take another example, 'different to', in the typically British usage His house is. Such matters are best left to usage books and to usage notes in dictionaries and are not treated in the Thesaurus.

The Oxford Thesaurus - An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms

Main entry words and sub-entries are not labelled, only the synonyms. Thus, under beat appears the idiomatic expression, beat it, which is not labelled:. You'd better beat it before the cops come. The idiom is not labelled because it is assumed that the user has looked it up to find a substitute for it, hence needs no information about it other than a listing of its alternatives which are labelled, when appropriate and an illustrative example. A rare exception to the above rule occurs where a headword has one meaning in British English and quite a different meaning in.

She takes the subway to work. Use the subway to cross the road in safety.

Here, the two regional labels do not apply to the synonyms since, for example, 'tunnel' has the same meaning in both British and US English but to the two definitions of the headword. Synonyms bearing any kind of label appear at the end of the set in which they are listed, except in the case described immediately.

The Oxford Thesaurus An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms pdf

The spellings shown throughout are those preferred by most modern British writers. British variant spellings are shown; if they are variants of the main entry word, they appear as the first word in the set s of synonyms following:.

Common American spelling variants humor, traveler, unraveled are not shown, but less common ones are listed for convenience. Where both forms are variants in American spelling, they are described by 'or US also':.

This should be understood to mean 'the normal British spelling is accoutrements or phoney ; this form, together with accouterments or phony , occurs in American English'. The purpose of a synonym book is to provide the user with a collection of words that are as close as possible in meaning to a designated word. The Oxford Thesaurus tries to go to a step further by providing examples that not only illustrate the main entry word in a natural contextual environment but also allow the user to substitute as many of the synonyms as possible into the framework of the context.

For example:. The rainwater runs through the porous rock and collects in the pools below. That is not to suggest that the synonyms are identical: Some might argue that 'penetrable' is not synonymous with the other listed words; but it is the function of this book to provide synonyms for the main entries, not for the other synonyms that might be listed.

No claim is made--nor could it be made--that synonyms are identical, either to one another or to another word, merely that they fall well within the criteria of what, for practical purposes, is viewed as synonymy in the language.

It is certainly true that substituting for porous any of the five listed synonyms will yield five standard English sentence.

Some judgement is required of the user in determining the syntax and idiomaticity with which a given word or expression can be substituted in an illustrative context: Moreover, while such formulae are reflective of science, language offers its users the virtually infinite variety available only in art, with each individual.

In the following example, nearly all terms can be substituted for adjoining in the first illustrative sentence; to create idiomatic parallels to the second sentence, the parenthetical prepositions must be used:. We have bought the adjoining land and will build our new house there.

The land adjoining the supermarket is for sale. But if the context requires the adjective to come after land with a following noun , then the parenthetical words must be added to yield constructions that are idiomatic, like land adjoining the supermarket, land neighboring.

You might also like: OXFORD HEROES 1 TEST BOOK

As this is intended as a synonym book and not a work on English collocations, the treatment of idiomaticity cannot be taken further. There are other reasons why direct substitutability is not always possible within a single semantic concept.

The following extract demonstrates this:. What possessed her to think that I could help? He behaves as if he is possessed by the devil.

Account Options

Here, two aspects of the same sense have been divided by a semicolon, with the synonyms preceding the semicolon illustrated by the first contextual example and those following it by the second. While it may be argued that in this instance the synonyms following the semicolon, with their illustrative sentence, might better have been listed in a separately numbered set, the close semantic association of the two groups would thereby have been lost.

Sometimes, where the sub-sense is familiar enough not to require its own example yet needs to be set off from the other synonyms because of a subtle or aspectual semantic distinction, a semicolon is inserted among the synonyms and only one example is provided:. I have reviewed this document Date: In such pairs the native English form is often the one with an earthier, warmer connotation.

In some instances, where a new coinage or a loanword has been adopted inadvertently duplicating an existing term, creating 'true' synonyms, the two will quickly diverge, not necessarily in meaning but in usage, application, connotation, level, or all of these.

For example, scientists some years ago expressed dissatisfaction with the term tidal wave, for the phenomenon was not caused by tides but, usually, by submarine seismic activity. Today, the terms exist side by side in English, the older expression still in common use, the newer more frequent in the scientific and technical literature. This deliberate attempt to avoid duplication is mitigated in the case of very common words.

For the convenience of the user, both shy and bashful are main entries, as are method, manner, and mode, which, though much the same in some respects, differ in detail and application. Illustrative sentences On the principle that a word is known by the company it keeps, one or more sentences showing the main entry word in context are provided for each sense discrimination.

Synonym lists Each main entry is followed by one or more sense groupings, each illustrated by one or more sentences. In some instances, idiomatic congruity may, unavoidably, become strained; where it is felt to be stretched too far--though still properly listed among its accompanying synonyms--a semicolon has been inserted to separate sub-groups of synonyms, and, in many cases, additional illustrative sentences have been provided.

Such sub-groupings have been confined largely to distinctions between. Thus, this sense of mercy, an affecting or moving of the mind in any way; a mental state brought about by any influence; an emotion or feeling: The same can be said for the sense, a bodily state due to any influence and for other senses listed in the largest dictionaries but rarely encountered except in literary contexts.

Cross references There are very few cross references between main listings in the Thesaurus. Where such cross references do occur, they are simple and straightforward: In a few entries, the form 'See also' is used. Labels a. The labels used are those commonly encountered in ordinary dictionaries: Colloq Colloquial; informal; used in everyday conversation and writing, especially in the popular press and in dramatic dialogue; sometimes avoided where more formal language is felt to be appropriate, as in business correspondence, scholarly works, technical reports, documents, etc.

Taboo Not used in polite society, usually because of the risk of offending sexual, religious, or cultural sensibilities; occasionally encountered on late-night television and radio; often occurring in graffiti and in dialogue in novels, plays, and films. Archaic Describing an obsolete word or phrase like tickety-boo, lounge lizard that is used deliberately to invoke the feeling of a bygone time. Old-fashioned Used of a synonym like comfit that is no longer current but might occasionally be encountered among older speakers and in older writing.

Technical Used of a somewhat specialized word that is not commonly. The meanings of other labels are self-evident.

For example, pushover n. All synonyms following the Slang label are slang; 'cinch' is universal English slang, 'doddle' is confined to British slang, and 'lead-pipe cinch' is confined to American slang.

Comments regarding what might be viewed as 'correct' in contrast.

However, if the usage question is confined to what can easily be represented in a 'lexical' environment, then suitable treatment is accorded it; thus 'now' and 'at present' are labelled Non-Standard under presently. Tap to Translate entries in other apps. Reviews Review Policy. View details. Flag as inappropriate. Visit website. Privacy Policy. MobiSystems See more.

Oxford Dictionary of English: See more. A complete bundle of more than , definitions, synonyms and antonyms. English Thesaurus.

EagleInc Thesaurus. Webster's Thesaurus.You'd better beat it before the cops come.

The Oxford Thesaurus

Even in such contexts it would be unusual to need a synonym for this word and others like it. In its narrowest sense, a synonym is a word or phrase that is perfectly substitutable in a context for another word or phrase.

The Oxford Thesaurus goes a step further by offering example sentences to illustrate the uses of the headwords and their alternatives in natural, idiomatic contexts. Many examples of overlapping can be cited; the more obvious ones in English are those that reflect a duplication arising from Germanic and Romance sources, like motherly and maternal, farming and agriculture, teach and instruct.

Oxford Dictionary of English: Common American spelling variants humor, traveler, unraveled are not shown, but less common ones are listed for convenience. All labels can occur in combination.