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STRATEGY by Liddell Hart Marlon T. Martinez ENTREP F Lindell Hart A brilliant British military strategist who contributed much to revolutioninzing modern war with his pre and post WW2 writings Sun Tzu’s book, The Art of war, is the classic. These eight maxims of strategy are drawn from Chapter XX (pp. ) of Sir Basil H. Liddell-Hart's book, Strategy (2nd Edition Revised). Frederick A. Strategy - Kindle edition by Captain B. H. Liddell Hart. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks.

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F/re death of Sir Basil Liddell Hart iti Februaryhas beeti. ~artieiitcrl by all those who knew of his ittmtetne contri- bution to the strategic tkouglit oJ!lie twntietli. expertise in war, strategy, operations, national security, and military analyst Sir Basil Liddell Hart explained that, “As tactics Articles/03autumn/zetom.info Liddell Hart - Strategy (Summary) - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.

Liddell Hart was placed on half-pay from Two mild heart attacks in and , probably the long-term effects of his gassing, precluded his further advancement in the downsized post-war army.

He spent the rest of his career as a theorist and writer.

In he became a lawn tennis correspondent and assistant military correspondent for the Morning Post covering Wimbledon and in publishing a collection of his tennis writings as The Lawn Tennis Masters Unveiled. In the mid to late twenties Liddell Hart wrote a series of histories of major military figures, through which he advanced his ideas that the frontal assault was a strategy that was bound to fail at great cost in lives.

He argued that the tremendous losses Britain suffered in the Great War were due to her commanding officers not appreciating this fact of history. He believed the British decision in to directly intervene on the Continent with a great army was a mistake. He claimed that historically "the British way in warfare" was to leave Continental land battles to her allies, intervening only through naval power, with the army fighting the enemy away from its principal front in a "limited liability".

In his early writings on mechanised warfare Liddell Hart had proposed that infantry be carried along with the fast-moving armoured formations. He described them as "tank marines" like the soldiers the Royal Navy carried with their ships. He proposed they be carried along in their own tracked vehicles and dismount to help take better-defended positions that otherwise would hold up the armoured units.

This contrasted with Fuller's ideas of a tank army, which put heavy emphasis on massed armoured formations. Liddell Hart foresaw the need for a combined arms force with mobile infantry and artillery, which was similar but not identical to the make-up of the panzer divisions that Guderian developed in Germany.

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According to Liddell Hart's memoirs, in a series of articles for The Times from November to November , he had argued that Britain's role in the next European war could be entrusted to the air force.

He further theorised that Britain could pursue to defeat her enemies while avoiding the high casualties and limited influence that Britain could impart by placing a large conscript army on the Continent.

As Prime Minister in , Chamberlain placed Liddell Hart in a position of influence behind British grand strategy of the late thirties. Through July the two had an unofficial, close advisory relationship. Liddell Hart provided Hore-Belisha with ideas that he would argue for in Cabinet or committees. Hore-Belisha wrote in reply: I am impressed by his general theories".

With Europe on the brink of war and Germany threatening an invasion of Poland, the cabinet chose instead to advocate a British and Imperial army of 55 divisions, for intervention on the Continent to come to the aid of Poland, Norway and France.

After the war, Liddell Hart was responsible for extensive interviews and debriefs for several high-ranking German generals, who were held by the Allies as prisoners-of-war. Liddell Hart provided commentary on their outlook.

A few years later Liddell Hart had the opportunity to review the notes that Erwin Rommel had kept during the war. Rommel had kept these notes with the intention of writing of his experiences after the war; the Rommel family had previously published these notes in German as War without Hate in Some of the notes had been destroyed by Rommel and the rest including Rommel's letters to his wife had been confiscated by the American authorities. With Liddell Hart's help, these were later returned to Rommel's widow.

Liddell Hart then edited and condensed the book and helped integrate the new material. The writings, along with notes and commentary by former general Fritz Bayerlein and Liddell Hart were published in as The Rommel Papers. In , Liddell Hart published his most influential work, Strategy. It was a book largely devoted to a historical study of the indirect approach, and in what ways various battles and campaigns could be analyzed using this concept.

Still relevant at the turn of the century, it was a factor in the development of the British maneuver warfare doctrine. Liddell Hart was an advocate of the notion that was easier to succeed in war when an indirect approach was used. In strategy, the longest way round is often the shortest way home. Liddell Hart would illustrate the notion with historical examples.

The Strategy of Indirect Approach

For example, Liddell Hart considered the battle of Leuctra , won by the general Epaminondas, an example of an indirect approach. A more modern example would be the landings of the Allies at Normandy on June 6, , as the Germans were expecting a landing in the vicinity of Pas de Calais. Even more impressive in Liddell Hart's eyes was the further campaign by Epaminondas, his invasion of the Peloponnese in which in winter and in separate columns, invaded Spartan controlled territory.

He then built two city states as a break against Spartan power, and thus the campaign was successful. By breaking the Spartan economic base, he won a campaign without ever fighting a battle. When analyzing the campaigns of Napoleon , Liddell Hart noted that the general's approaches were less subtle and more brute force as his forces became larger, and that when his forces were lesser, he was more apt to be creative in his battles.

According to Reid, Liddell Hart's indirect approach has seven key themes. At the height of his popularity, John F. Kennedy called Liddell Hart "the Captain who teaches Generals" and was using his writings to attack the Eisenhower administration, which he claimed was too dependent on nuclear arms. Baumgarten says of Liddell Hart's influence in the Australian Army: Fuller and from his own, and that it used them against the Allies in Blitzkrieg warfare.

He is concerned only with cherry-picking evidence for his vague thesis, at the expense of a detailed analysis of actual history. He lays the success or failure for these campaigns solely on individual generals, whether it is Miltiades, Nicias, Hannibal, or Scipio, at the expense of any other factors.

Liddell Hart continues to explore major conflicts through the Medieval and early modern period. These are usually treated with brevity, focusing only on the elements that serve to enhance his thesis. Thus he limits his discussion to a brief overview of general strategies used and the outcome of battles.

However this pattern changes dramatically when he reaches the twentieth century. Having spent only pages on years, he then spends pages on the two World Wars.

These detailed operational accounts are not particularly relevant to his thesis except in a few areas, thus leaving the reader with the feeling that his over-attention to these conflicts is self-serving indulgence.

He spends much of these sections discussing tactics in detail, whereas his previous discussions were mostly limited to general strategy, as the title would imply. Thus, these chapters become increasingly irrelevant to the establishing of his thesis.

These discussions become tedious, and as Liddell Hart is not in the habit of citing sources, serious questions are raised regarding the authenticity of his information. He notes this is true of Alexander the Great and Napoleon with the Phalanx and massed artillery respectively. Forgot password? Don't have an account?

This chapter discusses the Liddell Hart's works and theories on the concept of limited war, moderate peace and the strategy of indirect approach.

Written in his younger days, most of his theories are met with criticisms which were bounded by assumptions that his ideas of the different strategies of war owe much recognition from Fuller and Clausewitz who were the prevailing military thinkers of their time. However by the turn of the s, Liddell Hart amended his work and developed a full consciousness of the war that starkly contrasts his deemed immature view of the war.

In his more mature yet less-known ideas, he cemented his contributions to the strategic theory and created true measure of his originality and sophistication.

Liddell Hart , limited war , moderate peace , indirect approach , Fuller , Clausewitz , war , strategic theory. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or download to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

The Strategy Of Indirect Approach

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Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use for details see www. OSO version 0. University Press Scholarship Online.This person's surname is Liddell Hart , not Hart. Like most books about military strategy, although that may be the overarching topic, if a reader looks deep enough, there are lessons that can also be applied in fields such as business or sports.

He then built two city states as a break against Spartan power, and thus the campaign was successful. Stone — who had been his assistant adjutant at Stroud [9] — and their son Adrian was born in If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

One might say that he is to the indirect approach as Fuller is to threes.

Not world changing, but a required read for any strategic thinker. Highly recommended. The historian Mark Connelly argues that The Rommel Papers was one of the two foundational works that lead to a "Rommel renaissance", the other being Desmond Young's biography Rommel: